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Newsletter Anno 4, n. 7 - 4 aprile 2006



NEWSLETTER DEL CENTRO DI DOCUMENTAZIONE E RICERCA PER LA CITTADINANZA ATTIVA
Anno 4, n. 7 - 4 aprile 2006

A cura di Gabriele Sospiro
Con la collaborazione di:
Olivier Gbezera (OG)
Cristiano Antunes (CA)
Paolo Sospiro (PS)



*************************************************************

INDICE
1.   MARE MEDITERRANEO: MARE NOSTRUM
2.   ATTIVITÀ DEL CENTRO
3.   MEETING SULL'IMMIGRAZIONE AD ALGERI
4.   18° SUMMIT DELLA LEGA ARABA
5.   PRESENTAZIONE BILANCIO SOCIALE COMUNE DI ANCONA
6.   COOPERAZIONE INTERNAZIONALE: BANCA MONDIALE E REGIONE PUGLIA
7.   I RUGGENTI ANNI NOVANTA - J. E. STIGLITZ
8.   ISLAMOPHOBIA ACTING LIKE FREE SPEECH
9.   CHINA AND CENTRAL-AFRICA
10.  SERVIZIO VOLONTARIO EUROPEO


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1. MARE MEDITERRANEO: MARE NOSTRUM
***********************************
Dal 04 al 09 aprile avrà luogo, ad Ancona (presso l'Hotel Roma e Pace), un
seminario internazionale sulla cooperazione in materia giovanile nell'Area
Mediterranea. L'iniziativa è promossa dal Circolo Culturale Africa, con il
finanziamento dell'UE (Programma Gioventù, azione 5.1.2) e conta la
partecipazione di rappresentanti di ONG partner di 10 paesi (Israele,
Palestina, Libano, Giordania, Tunisia, Albania, Grecia, Polonia, Francia e
Portogallo).

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2. ATTIVITÀ DEL CENTRO
***********************
Il Centro di Documentazione e Ricerca per la Cittadinanza Attiva è aperto il
Martedì e Giovedì dalle 10 alle 13.00 e dalle 15.00 alle 18.00. Se avete
libri da proporre così che noi possiamo acquistarli fatecelo sapere! Se
state facendo una tesi di laurea o ricerche sull'immigrazione, sull'economia
politica, o su temi riguardanti il terzo settore, etc. presso il nostro
Centro potete ottenere informazioni ad hoc previa prenotazione telefonica.
Per contatti ed eventuali prenotazioni 071/2072585
----------------------------------------------------
The Center of Documentation and Research for Active Citizenship is opened
Tuesday and Thursday from 10 to 13 and from 15 to 18.00. If you have any
books to propose so that we can buy them please let us know. If you are
working on your bachelor thesis or you are carrying out a research on
migration, political economy, or issues inherent not profit, etc. in our
Center you will able to get some information ad hoc. Telephone reservation
is needed.
For contacts: +39/071/2072585

***************************************
3. MEETING SULL'IMMIGRAZIONE AD ALGERI
***************************************
È cominciata ieri e durerà fino al 5 Aprile il meeting sull'immigrazione in
Algeri, con un accento speciale sulle migrazioni inter-Africane. Lo scopo
del meeting è di iniziare un processo che dovrebbe portare all'elaborazione
di una strategia comune, una "road map" per replicare ai "campi di
concentramento per migranti" e le politiche di "migrazione scelta e
selettiva" messe in azione da parte dei Paesi sviluppati.
È noto che la situazione drammatica nel Mare Mediterraneo e sulle sue coste
è la punta dell'iceberg, e una tappa (spesso l'ultima) di un viaggio
iniziato anni prima. 17 milioni d'Africani vivono in un altro Paese diverso
da quello d'origine, creando dei problemi d'accoglienza, tolleranza e
apertura. Per interrompere questa emorragia e l'emigrazione illegale, il
gruppo lavorerà su una strategia comune da presentare al meeting
inter-ministeriale Africa-Europa che si terrà a fine Aprile.

OG
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
It has started yesterday and will last up to the 5th of April, a reunion of
immigration experts which is taking place in Algiers, with a special focus
on inter-African migrations. The aim of the meeting is to start a process
that will lead to a common strategy, a "road map" to counter the
"concentration camps for migrants" and the "chosen and selective
immigration" policies set up by developed countries.
It is understood that dramatic situation in the Mediterranean sea and on its
southern shores is the tip of the iceberg, and a stage (often the final one)
of a journey started years ago. 17 million Africans live in another country
than their own, creating hosting, tolerance and openness issues. Overall,
more than 23000 graduates leave the continent each year, as well as 50000
professionals. To stop the "haemorrhage" and illegal immigration, the work
group will try to define a common strategy to present at the Africa-Europe
inter-ministerial meeting taking place late April.
OG
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4. 18° SUMMIT DELLA LEGA ARABA
*******************************
Il 18° meeting della Lega Araba si è svolto a Khartoum in Sudan martedì e
mercoledì scorsi e ha trattato, tra l'altro, della crisi nella Regione
occidentale del Paese ospite del Darfur. La Lega ha espresso il suo rifiuto
per qualsiasi intervento esterno senza l'accordo di Khartoum e la sua
volontà di aiutare finanziariamente la missione dell'Unione Africana che sta
operando nella Regione dal 2004. La missione era in difficoltà a causa della
mancanza di personale e di fondi, e la sua sostituzione con truppe delle
Nazione Unite è sempre più evocata. La Lega Araba, tuttavia, è contraria
all'intervento esterno che quindi deve essere evitato, e ha perciò chiesto
ai "Paesi Arabo-Africani di mandare truppe nel Darfur". Il pericolo,
ovviamente, è che quest'appello diventi un sostegno incondizionato al
governo centrale, che in seguito potrebbe proseguire nella gestione della
crisi secondo i propri interessi.

OG
-------------------------------------------------------------------
The 18th Arab League summit took place in Khartoum on Tuesday and Wednesday
and addressed, among other topics, the crisis in the host country's western
region of Darfur. The League expressed its refusal for any external
intervention without Khartoum's approval and its will to help financially
the African Union corps operating in the region since 2004. The
peace-keeping mission has been suffering from lack of personnel and funds,
and its replacement by UN troops had been more and more evoked. However, as
far as the Arab League is concerned, external intervention should be
avoided, and has therefore called "Arab-African countries to send troops to
Darfur". The danger, is for this call to turn into an unconditional support
to the central government, who would subsequently be able to go on handling
the crisis as it deems good for its own interests.

OG
****************************************************
5. PRESENTAZIONE BILANCIO SOCIALE COMUNE DI ANCONA
****************************************************
Giovedì 30 marzo si è tenuto presso la sala del consiglio del comune di
Ancona la presentazione del bilancio sociale alla quale hanno partecipato il
Sindaco di Torino Sergio Chiamparino, l'Arcivescovo della diocesi di Ancona
e Osimo Monsignor Edoardo Menichelli, il Rettore dell'Università di Ancona
Marco Pacetti, il Presidente di Eurispes e Eurispes Marche Fara e Di Monte
ed infine il Sindaco Fabio Sturani. Il concetto di bilancio sociale si
riferisce alla quantità di risorse disponibili e al loro utilizzo da parte
dell'amministrazione pubblica, in questo caso. Come sostenuto
dall'Arcivescovo quindi cosa privilegiare. Una nota di carattere generale è
data dall'aumento dell'età media, dalla crescente presenza della popolazione
immigrata e dei bambini che il Presidente Eurispes ha definito come luogo
della fragilità. Nel senso che sono soggetti bisognosi di assistenza.
Nonostante la riduzione dei trasferimenti dallo Stato passati da 28 milioni
di euro del 2001 ai 7 milioni del 2005 non vi è stata una riduzione dei
servizi, da una parte, e un aumento delle imposte, dall'altra. In verità è
cresciuta molto la lotta all'evasione fiscale, i prestiti e probabilmente il
costo dei servizi. Alla presentazione i partecipanti hanno ricevuto una
sintesi del bilancio sociale ed una copia CD dello stesso bilancio sociale,
composto di circa 400 pagine. Quindi è necessaria una lettura dell'intero
lavoro per valutarne la filosofia, la metodologia ed infine il contenuto. In
generale le spese per i servizi sono aumentati e nell'ultimo anno
l'amministrazione ha ridotto anche il costo di gestione della macchina
amministrativa pur di far fronte alla riduzione dei trasferimenti dallo
stato. Infine il Sindaco Chiamparino ha ricordato come la Città di Torino
abbia superato due prove molto impegnative come le olimpiadi e la crisi
della FIAT attraverso un contributo immateriale come la fiducia e materiale
come una politica industriale e un forte impianto strategico. Infine i
sindaci Sturani e Chiamparino hanno sottolineato che è necessaria una
maggiore autonomia da parte degli enti locali per stare al passo con i tempi
e con la competizione sempre maggiore con l'avvento della globalizzazione.
Una nota a margine va la Circolo Culturale Africa che è citato sia sul
volume che sulla sintesi per il suo apporto alla città e ai giovani in
particolare con il servizio svolto presso l'informagiovani di promozione del
Servizio Volontario Europeo (SVE).
PS
-------------------------------------------------------------------
On Thursday the 30th of March the Parliament of the Ancona Council hosted
presentation of the city's social balance. Had been invited to discuss the
topic the Mayors of Torino, Mr Chiamparino and of Ancona Mr Sturani, the
Archbishop of Ancona and Osimo, the director of the University of Ancona,
and the President and the regional responsible of Eurispes. The Social
balance sheet is based on the concept of relationship between available
resources and their use.
As the archbishop argued, this relationship must be the priority, and he
went on focusing on solidarity. Generally speaking the social balance
underlined an increase of the community's average age, the number of
migrants residing in Ancona and the number of children. The President of
Eurispes qualified this situation as the "place of fragility meaning that
these persons need assistance and added services. From the social balance
sheet emerged some positive aspects - despite the reduction of state
transfer funds from 28 million of 2001 to 7 million of 2005 - such as no
reduction on social expenses on one hand, and no added taxes on the other.
The council actually increased its effort against fiscal evasion, loans and
probably the direct cost of the services. During the last years the budget
for the services has been increased while the administrative costs has been
reduced. Mr Chiamparino remembered how Torino had achieved important results
organising the Olympic games and solving the FIAT crisis, two very difficult
challenges with material and immaterial contribution such as resources,
industrial policy, strategy and, most importantly, confidence. Finally Mr
Chiamparino and Mr Sturani underlined as well the necessary added autonomy
for local institutions facing competition on the age of globalization. We
are proud to be mentioned as Circolo Culturale Africa on the social balance
sheet for the service offered to the informagiovani to inform  local Youth
on European Voluntary Service (EVS).

PS

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6. COOPERAZIONE INTERNAZIONALE: BANCA MONDIALE E REGIONE PUGLIA
*****************************************************************
La regione Puglia e la Banca Mondiale hanno organizzato sabato 4 marzo
scorso un convegno sul tema "Le rimesse: un'opportunità per la crescita. Il
caso degli immigrati degli albanesi in Italia", al quale hanno partecipato
esponenti del mondo politico e della ricerca. Come sostiene il Presidente
della regione Puglia Vendola la cooperazione e le rimesse possono essere
strumenti utili per lo sviluppo dei paesi di origine e di destinazioni dei
migranti. Inoltre si è posto l'accento sul tema dei migranti piuttosto che
degli immigrati. Cosa che purtroppo non lo è stato sul titolo dello stesso
convegno. la Banca Mondiale si è esposta molto sul progetto sostenendo che
il progetto della Puglia sarà considerato come progetto pilota per la banca
stessa. Infine è interessante sottolineare come si sia coniugato il tema
dell'economia, con la partecipazione dell'ABI (Associazione Bancaria
Italiana), dell'ABA (Associazione Bancaria Albanese), della Banca d'Italia e
d'Albania, con quella della solidarietà e della società civile. In
conclusione di convegno il Presidente della regione Puglia che ricordo è da
un anno governatore e di rifondazione comunista ha posto l'accento su come
lui critico del sistema mondiale che genera disuguaglianza e povertà, di
alcune istituzioni internazionali come la Banca Mondiale stessa e Fondo
Monetario Internazionale e grande sostenitore del mondo "no global" abbia
trovato nella Banca Mondiale entusiasmo e competenza in questo progetto. E
quindi ben venga la collaborazione tra la regione Puglia e la Banca
Mondiale. Gli intervenuti si sono dati appuntamento tra sei mesi quando sarà
l'Albani ad ospitare il proseguo.

PS
-------------------------------------------------------------------
The World bank and the Puglia region organized a meeting on "Remittances: an
opportunity for growth" The case of the Albanian migrants in Italy" on
Saturday 4th  March. Diverse institutions from various sectors were present,
such as banks, politics, and research. As the president of region, Mr
Vendola, mentioned, international aid and remittances could been a very
important instrument to foster development in the countries of origin and
destination of the migrant. He underlined that migrants should not be
mistaken for immigrants because History tells us that  many people, for
different reasons, decide to travel and live in a  different place than
their birth place. Unfortunately,  the title of the meeting did not take
into account this suggestion of the president. In fact in the Italian
version of the title,  Albanian migrants were described as Albanian
immigrants.
The World Bank responsible attending the meeting argued that the WB would
like to invest more on this project and that it would be considered as a
staring point for upcoming ones. It was interesting how the theme was
developed taking into account the economic point of view - members of the
ABI and ABA (the organizations of the Italian and Albanian bankers), the
central bank of Italy and Albania were present - and the solidarity point of
view as well -  many NGO from Albania and Puglia were on hand. In his final
speech the president of the region underlined - member of the leftist party
Rifondazione Comunista - how one man like him that always criticised the
"Washington consensus" and this world full of inequality and poverty managed
by the US, WB and IMF and therefore a supporter of the "no-global" movement
found in the World Bank competence and enthusiasm on his proposal for this
project. Therefore he finished welcoming the partnership between the Region
of Puglia and the World Bank. All participants committed themselves to meet
again within six month in Albania.
PS

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7. I RUGGENTI ANNI NOVANTA - J. E. STIGLITZ
*********************************************
In questo libro l'economista americano cerca di fare una sintesi degli
accadimenti degli anni novanta. E se mi permettete una battuta questa è
un'occasione irripetibile perché Stiglitz è veramente un pezzo da novanta.
Infatti oltre ad essere premio nobel dell'economia nel 2001 per aver
contribuito alla teoria delle informazioni asimmetriche, ha fatto parte del
consiglio economico durante la presidenza Clinton per poi diventarne capo.
Inoltre è stato capo economista della banca mondiale. Insomma la persona più
indicata per comprendere al meglio cosa successe durante quei entusiasmanti
anni novanta, almeno negli Stati Uniti.
Stiglitz suddivide il suo libro che ricordo è il secondo in ordine di tempo
sul tema della globalizzazione e soprattutto di tipo divulgativo. Infatti
nel 2002 era uscito in Italia "la globalizzazione e i suoi oppositori" e che
noi abbiamo recensito. In questo libro dicevo Stiglitz suddivide la sua
analisi prima rivolgendosi alla politica economica interna americana e poi
alla politica estera americana e i problemi che ne sono scaturiti.
Un aspetto sembra essere il filo conduttore di tutto il libro e cioè che la
gran parte delle politiche economica e estera sono gestite direttamente dal
dipartimento di stato e dal tesoro, i quali a loro volta sono direttamente
influenzati da Wall street e dalle grandi imprese americane. Quindi poco
resta al Presidente. Infatti nonostante Clinton e i sui consiglieri
economici erano intenzionati a disegnare uno stato relativamente leggero.
Vale a dire uno stato regolatore in alcuni settori e presente invece in
altri come nel sistema educativo e della sanità. Ciò non fu possibile perché
il congresso, in mano ai repubblicani, e nella stessa amministrazione, in
particolare tesoro e dipartimento di stato, non ritenevano tali politiche
fossero appropriate. Dall'altra invece tali istituzioni che incoraggiavano
una visione leggera dello Stato spingevano per ottenere sovvenzioni per
l'agricoltura e per le grandi imprese, ottenendoli. Stiglitz sostiene che il
sistema delle stock options abbia minato alla radice l'economia americana.
Nell'ambito dell'economia globale, Stiglitz, sostiene che gli Stati Uniti,
tramite il FMI, BM, dipartimento di stato e tesoro abbiano incentivato e
promosso politiche che non hanno mai incoraggiato o intrapreso per gli Stati
Uniti. Il risultato sono state le continue crisi dei PVS e la mancanza di
una globalizzazione più bilanciata.
Insomma dopo Rifkin e Sachs un altro luminare dell'economia americana
critica la politica del proprio paese e chiede agli americani di prendere
atto di una deriva del sistema USA. Ciò non era sorprendente da
intellettuali come Chomsky ma fa riflettere che persone come Stiglitz e
Sachs, da anni nelle stanze dei bottoni, prendano tali posizioni.

PS

----------------------------------------------------------------------
In "The roaring ninenties" Joseph Stiglitz tries to synthesize the political
and economical facts of the 1990s. Stiglitz is one of the best economists in
the world, who the won Nobel prize in 2001 for his contribution in
information economics, in which is asserted that information is asymmetric.
Moreover he has been a member and thereafter chief of the Council of
Economic Advisers under President Clinton and a World Bank chief economist.
Therefore, he might the adequate person to better understand the dynamics of
those enthusiastic nineties  in the US.
Stiglitz organized his book in two parts, the first one dealing with
American political economy and the second with the US-led globalization. I
would like to remember here that this is Stiglitz's second book on
globalization after "Globalization and its discontent", issued in 2002.
The roaring nineties has one backbone : most of the economy and foreign
policies in the US are managed by the Treasury and the State Department
those institutions being highly influenced by Wall Street and US
multinational companies.
Therefore few things remain in the President's hands. In fact, President
Clinton and his economic advisors' intentions were to re-introduce a "light"
State. That means a regulatory state in many sectors and a more present one
in others, such as health and education.
This plan wasn't successful, for diverse reasons such as the Republican
majority  in congress, the opposition from a part of the administration, in
particular the Treasury and the Department of State, as well as management
mistakes. On the other hand, these very institutions campaigning against the
presence of the State in the economy pushed for bigger support to
agriculture sector and to the multinational companies. Moreover the author
argues that the stock option system mined at the root the American economic
system.
On the international level Stiglitz condemns the US policy, whose Department
of State and Treasury, with the help of the World Bank and the International
Monetary Fund, promoted different policies to the developing countries.
Stiglitz argues that the various developing countries crisis during the
1990s are mostly consequences of  policies promoted by the US.
After Rifkin and Sachs, another American economic luminary critics the
economic policy of his country and asks the Americans to take into serious
consideration the drifting of the American system. This position is not
astonishing from intellectuals such as Noam Chomsky, but is remarkable from
Stiglitz, Sachs and Rifkin, who are completely inside the system.

PS

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8. ISLAMOPHOBIA ACTING LIKE FREE SPEECH
**************************************************
The caricatures of Prophet Muhammad first published in the Danish
Jyllands-Posten then reprinted in a string of European newspapers have
exposed the gulf separating the West from the Muslim world.
The cartoons and the reactions they have sparked across the Muslim
hemisphere, many have conjectured, symbolise the confrontation between two
irreconcilable value systems, one based on the Enlightenment tradition, the
other clinging to religious dogma.
These simplistic explanations would have stood a better chance of being
accepted if the majority of those offering them had been more vocal in
denouncing the continuous assault on free speech in Western societies in the
name of the war on terrorism. The reality is that the controversy over
freedom of expression and its limits is a symptom of an infinitely deeper
crisis affecting the relation of the West, European and Atlantic, to the
vast Muslim world from Tangier to Jakarta.
Nothing happens in a vacuum. Since we are historical beings, we cannot be
detached from our hermeneutical tradition and historical condition.
Only by reference to these contexts are our actions understandable. Any
explanation of the cartoons crisis that does not take into account the
explosive climates of the post-September 11th world and the rise of the
right wing in Europe and the United States is bound to remain superficial.
Islam, which had lain forgotten during the cold war and the obsession with
the communist threat, has now come to the fore, penetrating into the heart
of the public domain.
"The US has become morally liberal, the Islam world morally extreme.
Malaysia seems to have come to a happy compromise. Freedom without
decadence."
It is no coincidence that the cartoons were published in Denmark in a
right-wing paper under a right-wing government then reprinted in countries
notorious for their hostility to their Muslim minorities and opposition to
the cultural and racial diversity of today's European societies.
That reactions to the cartoons have been so passionate should come as no
surprise to anyone who has been following developments in the Muslim world
closely. To Muslims, the caricatures vividly brought back the scenes of
Israeli bulldozers demolishing Palestinian homes in Jenin, the invasion of
Afghanistan, the fall of Baghdad, terrors of Abu Ghraib and humiliations of
Guantanamo Bay.
Cultural arrogance was added to political aggressiveness. Muslims have grown
used to the torrent of terrifying images that associate them and their faith
with the most horrifying of practices, from violence and cruelty to
fanaticism and oppression. When it comes to Islam, all boundaries and limits
could be dispensed with. The unacceptable becomes perfectly acceptable,
proper and respectable.
The truth is that today racism, intolerance, xenophobia, and hatred of the
other hide behind the sublime façade of free speech, the defence of "our"
values and protection of "our" society from "foreign" aggression.
Let us not be deceived about this rhetoric of liberalism and free speech.
The Danish cartoons have nothing to do with freedom of expression and
everything to do with hatred of the other in a Europe grappling with its
growing Muslim minorities, still unable to accept them.
Muhammad, who had been depicted in medieval legends as a bloodthirsty
warrior with a sword in one hand and a Quran in another, is now made to
brandish bombs and guns. Little seems to have changed about Western
consciousness of Islam.
The collective medieval Christian memory has been recycled, purged of
eschatology and incorporated into a modern secularised rhetoric that goes
unquestioned today.
The medieval world abounded with hostile stories, folktales, poems and
sermons of Muhammad where the imagination was given free reign.
About Muhammad, or "Mathomus" all could be said since, as the 11th-century
chronicler Guilbert of Nogent had put it: "One may safely say ill of a man
whose malignity transcends and surpasses whatever evil can be said about
him" (Dei Gesta per Francos, 1011).
Guilbert's Muhammad, like that of most medieval authors, bears little
resemblance to the historical Muhammad, or his journey.
Just as in the Danish caricatures, he appears as a scoundrel who used
licentiousness and the promise of paradise with its many beautiful virgins
to lure men into following him. His career was devoid of virtue. His vast
empire was built on slaughter and bloodshed.
In the popular Chansons de Geste, written from the 11th to the 14th century
at the height of crusading fervour, reflecting sentiments and beliefs that
were widely accepted, Muhammad and his followers, the "Saracens" are
described in the most grotesque of terms.
Creatures of Satan, they are painted with huge noses and ears, blacker than
ink with only their teeth showing white, eyes like burning coals, teeth that
can bite like a serpent, some with horns like the antlers of stags.
Humans inherit their prejudices as they do their language. Europe has
inherited an enormous body of stereotypes of the Muslim elaborated in the
course of many centuries of confrontation with Muslim civilisation.
Islam could not be regarded with the same detached curiosity as the far away
cultures or beliefs of China or India. Islam was always a major factor of
European history.
As the historian Richard Southern put it, Islam was Latin Christendom's
greatest problem, a mighty military and cultural challenge, dazzling in its
power, wealth, learning and civilisation.
In the heart of Europe, its poor northerly neighbour, it generated an array
of emotions that ranged from fascination to fear and resentment.
When in the 11th century European writers began to form a notion of what it
meant to be European, they found themselves faced with a powerful Islam,
which they were neither able nor willing to understand.
Islam was integral to the European notion of the self. The encounter with
the Muslim other was fundamental to the formulation of the Western world
view, particularly in the centuries that began in the Crusades and
culminated in the dismemberment of the Ottoman empire.
By forcing the continent to find ways of concerted action, Islam encouraged
Europe towards a stronger sense of "self" and a stronger sense of the
"other". In more ways than one, Islam was Europe's midwife.
In the tense post September 11th climate, with its pre-emptive strikes,
growing military interventions and increasingly powerful right-wing parties,
the medieval arsenal of fantasies and stereotypes of Islam and Muslims has
been brought back to life. Gone are the devils and Antichrists of medieval
legends and polemics.
But their bleak outlook on Islam and the Muslim lingers on unchanged. It
survives in an essentialist self-enclosed discourse centred on a mythical
pure self permanently pitted against an imaginary dehumanised, demonised
Muslim other.
In the past as in the present, religion, culture and the politics of fear
are placed at the service of the great games of dominance and mastery.
Make no mistake about it: This is a political conflict that speaks in the
language of culture and religion. The conflict is not between "we" and
"they", not between cultures and civilisations, but within the same cultural
and political front.
The battle must be fought, a battle against intolerance, hatred, myth of
cultural superiority and will to hegemony over the other.
By Soumaya Ghannoushi
Source:
http://english.aljazeera.net/NR/exeres/247B538A-449B-47DF-BE4B-351AED0FDA6C.
htm


******************************
9. CHINA AND CENTRAL-AFRICA
******************************
A strong presence in the Congo Basin forests of the Central African Republic
(CAR), Chinese lumberjacks are starting to shed a reputation acquired in the
region as environmental wreckers and law breakers.
The giant Hong Kong Chinese timber company Vicwood arrived quietly in the
CAR in 2000 by buying up the local subsidiary of the French group Thanry,
and operates as well in neighbouring Cameroon.
Owned by the wealthy entrepreneur Vicwood K.T. Chong, the firm two years
later obtained the country's largest timber export license during a lavish
ceremony attended by then president Ange-Felix Patasse.
When Patasse was ousted in a coup in 2003, which eventually led to elections
won by his President Francois Bozize, the soldier who topped him and
launched an anti-corruption drive, Vicwood began to see its power eroded.
Today, however, the natural wood and plywood firm, which has crossed swords
with the environmental group Greenpeace over its alleged devastation of
central African forests and opening the way for bushmeat poachers, is a
heavyweight.
With its Vica subsidiary and local firms it has bought, it ranks alongside
the Lebanese company Sefca as one of the two biggest industrial loggers in
the CAR. The arrival of the Malaysian group WTK has swung the export market
towards Asia.
"Some companies function by confrontation with the indigenous people," said
Francois Zonzamba, an activist in the Green Movement of Central Africa,
without giving any names. "It is regrettable because they destroy the forest
and are opposed to the wishes of the inhabitants."
"The most obvious interest for Central Africa is to diversify its export
markets," comments a European specialist. "The flow of the logs in the
direction of the Chinese market was stepped up in 2002 and should still
increase with the introduction of new licenses."
However this was accompanied by a certain number of environmental lapses,
according to local green non-governmental organisations, and Chinese loggers
are under pressure to clean up their act.
Allan Thornton, president of the London and Washington-based non-profit
Environmental Investigation Agency, told the US House of Representatives
last year that "China's role in Africa's illegal logging industry is
predatory in nature and poses a threat to forests, the communities that rely
on them and weak governments susceptible to corruption."
To curb these practices, Bangui authorities put in place an action plan to
ensure forestry laws are respected.
"Our objective is to see the effective application of the forest code,"
explained a government official. Under a project financed by CAF and the
French government, the two major players in the logging sector -- Vicwood
and Sefca -- have signed a provisional convention for sustainable management
of forests.
"The Vicwood group, which does not try to hide the fact that it is seeking
other areas to exploit, more or less respected these conventions," said the
European specialists.
"We are pleased with this progress," said Maxime Dalalou, of the Central
African Organization for the Defense of Nature, a local NGO. "But we want it
extended to other companies, because the majority continue not to comply
with the rules."
Meantime the European Union (EU) has pledged 38 million euros (46 million
dollars) for forest and ecosystem conservation in Central Africa.
The funds are designated for the Programme for Conservation and Rational
Utilization of Forest Ecosystems in Central Africa, known as ECOFAC, which
helps preserve some 2.3 million square kilometers (890,000 square miles) of
African tropical forest in the Congo basin.
ECOFAC, begun in 1992 after the Rio environmental summit, attempts to
conserve forests in the Congo basin, considered the planet's second largest
green lung after the Amazon. ECOFAC covers forests in six countries:
Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea and the
archipelago of Sao Tome and Principe. With peace there, it will be extended
to the Democratic Republic of Congo, a move that would almost double its
territory.
By: Christian Panika
Source:
http://www.sinodaily.com/reports/China_Out_To_Polish_Woodwork_In_Central_Afr
ica.html

**********************************
10. SERVIZIO VOLONTARIO EUROPEO
**********************************
Il "Partnership Programme on European Youth Work and Policy" (il
Partenariato) è un'iniziativa congiunta del Consiglio d'Europa e della
Commissione Europea. Le due istituzioni decisero di prendere azioni comuni
in quest'area parecchi anni fa, e da allora hanno riaffermato la loro
cooperazione.
Il Partenariato ha tenuto tre corsi pilota sulla Cittadinanza Europea, tra
il 2001 e il 2003. Prendendo la spinta dalla necessità di un maggior numero
di attività di apprendimento e di un maggior impatto in quest'area, il
Consiglio d'Europa e la Commissione Europea si sono imbarcati nello sviluppo
dei moduli di apprendimento sulla Cittadinanza Europea.
Altri sei moduli verranno offerti a maggio-ottobre 2006, con il sostegno
delle Agenzie Nazionali del Programma Gioventù della Commissione Europea.
Ogni modulo di apprendimento verterà su un aspetto importante del concetto e
della pratica della Cittadinanza Europea.
I sei moduli offerti a maggio-ottobre avranno il sostegno di sei Agenzie
Nazionali del Programma Gioventù. I moduli metteranno insieme 25
partecipanti per 5 giornate di lavoro a tempo pieno. I moduli saranno tenuti
in lingua inglese.
Ecco l'elenco dettagliato dei moduli:

Modulo 1: "European Citizenship: Institutions and Politics"
29 maggio - 4 giugno 2006
Budapest, Ungheria

Modulo 2: "European Citizenship: Visions and Concepts of Europe"
27 maggio - 2 giugno 2006
Bonn, Germania

Modulo 3: "European Citizenship: Citizenship"
4 - 10 settembre 2006-03-14
Bern, Svizzera

Modulo 4: "European Citizenship: Intercultural Learning"
25 settembre - 1 ottobre 2006
Cardiff, Regno Unito

Modulo 5: "European Citizenship: Human Rights"
23 - 29 ottobre 2006
Eisenburg, Lussemburgo

Modulo 6: "European Citizenship: Role of Youth Work in Participation"
23 - 29 ottobre 2006
Roma, Italia

La scadenza per i moduli 1-2 è il 31 marzo 2006 mentre la quella per i
moduli 3-6 è il 31 maggio 2006. Ogni partecipante può frequentare soltanto 1
modulo.

Il vitto e l'alloggio verrano a carico delle Agenzie Nazionali. Le spese con
il viaggio saranno reimborsate. Non ci sono dei costi di iscrizione.

Per saperne di più:
http://www.salto-youth.net/find-a-training/ (cercare in Training Couse)

CA
----------------------------------------------------
The Partnership Programme on European Youth Work and Policy (the
Partnership) is a joint initiative of the Council of Europe and the European
Commission. The two institutions decided to take common action in this field
several years ago, and have since renewed their cooperation.
The Partnership held three pilot training courses on European Citizenship
between 2001 and 2003. Based on the need for a higher number of training
activities and a wider outreach in this field, the Council of Europe and the
European Commission have embarked on developing European Citizenship
training Modules.
Another six training Modules will be offered in May-October 2006, hosted by
the National Agencies of the YOUTH Programme of the European Commission.
Each training module will focus on one important aspect of the concept and
practice of European Citizenship, while the basis will be the same.
The six training Modules offered in May-October 2006 will be hosted by six
National Agencies of the YOUTH Programme of the European Commission. Modules
will gather 25 participants for five full training days. All Modules will be
offered in English language.

Module 1.
European Citizenship: Institutions and Politics
29 May - 4 June 2006.
Budapest, Hungary

Module 2.
European Citizenship: Visions and Concepts of Europe
27 May - 2 June 2006.
Bonn, Germany

Module 3.
European Citizenship: Citizenship
4 - 10 September 2006.
Bern, Switzerland

Module 4.
European Citizenship: Intercultural Learning
25 September - 1 October 2006.
Cardiff, UK

Module 5.
European Citizenship: Human Rights
23 - 29 October 2006.
Eisenborn, Luxembourg

Module 6.
European Citizenship: Role of Youth Work in Participation
23 - 29 October 2006.
Rome, Italy

The deadline of applications for the Modules 1-2
31st March 2006.
The deadline of applications for the Modules 3-6
31st May 2006.

Board and lodging will be provided and paid for by the hosting National
Agency.
For residents of programme countries of the Youth Programme (with National
Agency representation), please contact your sending National Agency
regarding travel cost reimbursement.
For non-programme country residents, travel expenses and visa fees will be
reimbursed (on presentation of the relevant receipts) by the Partnership
Secretariat according to rules of the Directorate of Youth and Sport of the
Council of Europe. Payment will be made only by bank transfer after the
course.
Exception: Travel expenses of all Participants of Module 3 will be
reimbursed by the Swiss youth work agency.

For more detailed information, please visit:
http://www.salto-youth.net/find-a-training/ (search in Training Course)

CA
**********************************************************

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