[Date Prev][Date Next][Thread Prev][Thread Next][Date Index][Thread Index]
Proroga accordo Russia-USA
- Subject: Proroga accordo Russia-USA
- From: rossana <rossana at comodinoposta.org>
- Date: Thu, 22 Jun 2006 07:32:05 +0200
- User-agent: Mozilla Thunderbird 1.0.2 (Windows/20050317)
Prolungato di 7 anni l' accordo sul programma per la sicurezza delle
testate nucleari, chimiche e batteriologiche dell’arsenale ex sovietico.
Il "Programma di cooperazione per la riduzione della minaccia con la
Russia" è ancora oggi il progetto di disarmo più impegnativo e costoso
sulla scena mondiale: avviato 14 anni fa dopo la fine della Guerra
Fredda, l’accordo ha portato allo smantellamento di migliaia di testate,
missili e bombe, contribuendo al tempo stesso ai progressi nella
sicurezza sulle armi chimiche e batteriologiche.
U.S., Russia Break Impasse on Plan to Keep Arms From Rogue Users
By Peter Baker
Washington Post Staff Writer
Tuesday, June 20, 2006; Page A11
The United States and Russia reached a last-minute agreement saving a
program to secure or destroy Soviet nuclear warheads, chemical weapons
and killer germs, U.S. officials said yesterday, breaking a long logjam
and averting a rupture weeks before President Bush travels to St.
The program, a multibillion-dollar effort designed to keep weapons of
mass destruction out of the hands of terrorists or rogue states, was set
to expire Friday amid a stubborn disagreement over legal provisions. But
U.S. and Russian officials cut a deadline deal in Moscow on Friday that
will extend the program for seven years and effectively take the issue
off the table for Bush's trip.
Although overshadowed by disputes with Iran and North Korea, the
Cooperative Threat Reduction program with Russia represents the most
expansive disarmament effort in the world and the prospect that it could
be halted deeply worried arms-control specialists. The program, which
began 14 years ago after the Cold War ended, has deactivated thousands
of warheads, missiles and bombers and made progress toward securing
biological and chemical weapons.
But the work has gone slower than hoped and Russia still maintains
thousands of additional aging nuclear warheads as well as vast
stockpiles of other weapons that specialists fear are vulnerable to
theft or sale on the international black market. U.S. contractors in
Russia would have had to shut down activities if Friday's agreement had
not been signed by U.S. Ambassador William J. Burns and Russian Deputy
Foreign Minister Sergei Kislyak.
"The extension of the umbrella agreement is critical," said Raphael
Della Ratta, a weapons specialist at the Russian American Nuclear
Security Advisory Council. Without it, "nuclear weapons delivery systems
would not be dismantled, chemical weapons would remain unsecured and
undestroyed and biological pathogens would remain unsecured as well."
At the same time, he and other experts have complained that the Bush
administration has not shown sufficient urgency about eliminating
Russian arms. "We are in a race against time to secure these materials
before they're lost, stolen or get into the wrong hands," said Daryl G.
Kimball, executive director of the Arms Control Association. "This is a
necessary but insufficient step. The administration needs to push down
the accelerator in terms of the pace of work."
A senior administration official said the extension should help propel
efforts to eliminate old Soviet weapons. "This reinvigorates and
strengthens the ongoing cooperation we've been doing with Russia," said
the official, who was not authorized to speak on the record.
The extension had been held up for years mainly by a dispute over
liability. Under the original agreement, Russia was responsible for any
mishaps, even accidents or negligence by U.S. contractors. Russia has
balked at that provision. The renewal keeps the original language for
current projects but will address Russian concerns for future projects.
It does not affect a separate plutonium-disposal program announced in
1998 but never started because of a similar dispute.
A collapse of the Cooperative Threat Reduction program would have marred
Bush's visit to St. Petersburg next month for the Group of Eight summit.
The meeting will be the group's first held by Russia, which is eager to
use the occasion to showcase its reemergence on the world stage as a
Critics say Russia has no business hosting an organization of industrial
democracies at a time when President Vladimir Putin has constricted
political freedoms at home and used energy resources to flex muscles
abroad. Bush has maneuvered to avoid the image that he is endorsing
Putin's course by attending the summit.
Vice President Cheney recently criticized Russian actions, and the
administration will send two assistant secretaries of state, Daniel
Fried and Barry Lowenkron, to a pre-summit meeting to discuss human
rights in Russia. Bush also announced yesterday that he will host
Georgian President Mikheil Saakashvili at the White House shortly before
the summit as a statement of solidarity with Russian neighbors under
pressure from Moscow.
The Cooperative Threat Reduction agreement was reached in 1992 at the
instigation of Sens. Richard G. Lugar (R-Ind.) and Sam Nunn (D-Ga.) and
was renewed in 1999. Since then, it has deactivated or destroyed 6,828
nuclear warheads, 612 intercontinental ballistic missiles, 885 nuclear
air-to-surface missiles, 577 submarine-launched missiles, 155 bombers
and 29 nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarines, among others,
according to the Defense Threat Reduction Agency.
But it still has much to do. About half of the nuclear warheads, ICBMs,
ICBM silos, submarine-launched missiles and nuclear submarines targeted
by the program have yet to be eliminated, according to the agency. A
chemical-weapons destruction facility is more than 60 percent unfinished
and the Government Accountability Office reported that it may not open
Lugar hailed the extension but called on Congress to remove other
conditions that threaten the program: "If the proliferation of weapons
of mass destruction is the number one national security threat facing
our country, we cannot permit any delays in our response."