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Re: Virginia Tech; Bush, sì a armi ma non a scuola
Quel popolo sta perdendo quasi completamente il senso della ragione, e
diciamo pure, quello della civiltà.
l'immagine della democrazia più moderna e radicata del mondo, stride davvero
con forza davanti all'impazzimento che gli Stati uniti stanno vivendo.
Io mi chiedo: come è possibile che nazioni culturalmente più di spessore
come quelle che compongono l'Europa, continuino a subire l'egemonia
americana in maniera del tutto passiva e vergognosa.
ma dove sta finendo quel terreno culturale e civile che ci siamo conquistati
in tanti secoli di guerre e tragedie?
io penso all'arte della nostra Italia. al pragmatismo e alla tecnologia
tedesca. al patriottismo dei francesi.
perchè ci facciamo incaprettare da uno stato sicuramente forte
economicamente, ma del tutto privo di diplomazia, di cultura, di quel vivere
civile che permette la convivenza anche tra popoli lontani.
perchè nessuno dei potenti ha il coraggio di mettere in luce queste
differenze esistenti tra noi e gli amici d'oltre oceano?
forse sto scrivendo banalità, forse si, ma non di meno sono fatti.
Shakespeare, Dante, e qualche altro migliaio di geni di questa portata,
lasciavano all'umanità una eredità IMMORTALE, quando ancora gli amici
americani non esistevano. quando ancora oltre oceano viveva una delle grandi
civiltà distrutta, mi riferisco agli indiani d'america. di questo genocidio
quasi mai si parla. genocidio portato avanti proprio per far nascere la
nazione che oggi rischia di portare il mondo alla distruzione, mentre noi, e
ripeto noi europei, siamo del tutto passivi a bocca aperta ad attendere
menomale che esistono liste come queste che permettono di far sentire le
voci fuori dal coro.
speriamo che il nostro grido possaessere udito!!!.
From: <rossana at comodinoposta.org>
To: <disarmo at peacelink.it>
Sent: Monday, April 16, 2007 10:53 PM
Subject: Usa: Virginia Tech; Bush, sì a armi ma non a scuola
NEW YORK - "Inorridito" dalla strage di Virginia Tech, il presidente
George W. Bush si inchina alla lobby dei pistoleri e ribadisce, di fronte
alla tragedia di una cinquantina di famiglie i cui figli sono morti o
feriti nel campus del politecnico, che gli americani "hanno il diritto di
Che le armi piacciono a Bush lo si è capito da un bel pò.
New York, 10 apr 2007 - Il dipartimento della Difesa degli Stati Uniti ha
reso noto che i suoi 89 programmi militari più importanti costeranno circa
1.680 miliardi di dollari, il 3,5 per cento in più del previsto. Sono
aumentati sia i costi degli aerei che quelli dei radar e delle reti di
Summary Explanations of Significant SAR Cost Changes
As of Dec. 31, 2006
ARH (Armed Reconnaissance Helicopter) – Program costs increased $1,787.4
million (+49.6 percent) from $3,602.8 million to $5,390.2 million, due
primarily to a quantity increase of 144 aircraft from 368 to 512 aircraft
to support the Air National Guard combat aviation brigades (+$901.6
million). There were estimating allocations* (+$85.0 million) as well as
increased spares and support (+$570.3 million) associated with the
quantity increase. Costs also increased due to higher estimates for
production (+$295.7 million) and the application of revised escalation
indices (+$41.0 million).
FCS (Future Combat System) – Program costs decreased $2,698.2 million
(-1.6 percent) from $164,628.3 million to $161,930.1 million, due
primarily to the program adjustments that deferred the Class II and Class
III Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs), Armed Robotic Vehicles-Assault
(ARV-A), Armed Robotic Vehicles-Reconnaissance (ARV-R), and Intelligent
Munition Systems (IMS) (-$17,557.9 million). These decreases were
partially offset by revised cost estimates based on a more detailed design
(+$1,364.9 million), and a procurement stretchout from 1.5 brigade combat
teams (BCTs) to 1.0 BCTs per year (+$10,573.7 million) and associated
increases in support costs (+$3,260.7 million).
FMTV (Family of Medium Tactical Vehicles) – Program costs increased
$3,351.9 million (+19.2 percent) from $17,450.1 million to $20,802.0
million, due primarily to the addition of Long Term Armor Strategy (LTAS)
A-Cab (+$1,257.1 million) and associated LTAS installation kits (+$1,319.1
million). There were also increased recurring costs for planned model mix
changes (+$672.8 million) and the application of revised escalation rates
(+$64.6 million). These decreases were partially offset by an acceleration
of the annual procurement buy profile
GMLRS (Guided Multiple Launch Rocket System) – Program costs decreased
$9,262.2 million (-57.8 percent) from $16,034.7 million to $6,772.5
million, due primarily to a quantity reduction of 96,444 rockets from
140,004 to 43,560 rockets (-$8,922.7 million) and associated schedule and
estimating allocations* (-$1,645.2 million). These decreases were
partially offset by a stretchout in the annual procurement buy profile
(+$292.7 million) and increased unit costs of the lower annual buys
HIMARS (High Mobility Artillery Rocket System) – Program costs decreased
$1,249.4 million (-37.4 percent) from $3,338.1 million to $2,088.7
million, due primarily to a quantity reduction of 210 launchers from 591
to 381 (-$924.1 million) and associated schedule and estimating
allocations* (-$448.1 million). These decreases were partially offset by
higher estimates based on actuals (+$96.7 million) and the application of
revised escalation rates (+$29.6 million).
Land Warrior – Program costs decreased $3,382.8 million (-83.4 percent)
from $4,054.2 million to $671.4 million, due to termination of the program
by the Army Acquisition Executive.
Longbow Apache – Program costs increased $1,629.6 million (+17.3 percent)
from $9,405.2 million to $11,034.8 million, due primarily to a quantity
increase of 29 war replacement aircraft (+$850.0 million) and 24 Extended
Block II aircraft (+$309.5 million). As a result, the total quantity
increased 53 aircraft from 613 to 666 aircraft. There were also
programmatic changes in Longbow Apache requirements, such as the
Modernized Target Acquisition Designation Sight/Pilot Night Vision Sensor
(MTADS/PNVS), which increased the estimated costs (+$412.6 million).
Longbow Apache Block III – Program costs increased $896.5 million (+11.1
percent) from $8,093.9 million to $8,990.4 million, due primarily to a
quantity increase of 37 aircraft from 602 to 639 aircraft (+$395.5
million). There were also increases in software maintenance and system
engineering/program management costs due to the increase in aircraft
quantity and a stretchout of procurement profile (+$353.0 million).
Stryker – Program costs increased by $1,770.1 million (+15.6 percent) from
$11,360.8 million to $13,130.9 million, due primarily to a quantity
increase of 256 vehicles from 2,641 to 2,897 vehicles (+$1,058.9 million)
and associated spares and support (+$254.2 million). There were also
increases from an extension of the procurement schedule from fiscal year
2011 to fisal year 2012 (+$213.8 million), and the addition of development
effort for the mast-mounted sensor, active protection systems, and mobile
gun system environmental control (+$236.9 million). These increases were
partially offset by a change in the mix of models to be procured (-$357.1
WIN-T (Warfighter Information Network-Tactical) – Program costs increased
by $2,190.9 million (+15.5 percent) from $14,170.5 million to $16,361.4
million, due primarily to an increase in communications equipment to
procure for the Total Army (+$1,517.9 million). Costs also increased due
to a refinement of the estimate for recurring engineering (+$559.4
million), an increase in flyaway cost to account for technology changes
during the procurement schedule (+$417.5 million), and an increase in
fielding and initial spares (+$386.6 million). These increases were
partially offset by a decrease due to the removal of Joint Tactical Radio
System (JTRS) equipment (-$482.0 million) and a reduction in technical
refresh and post deployment sustainment and support (-$483.1 million).
ADS (Advanced Deployable System)– Program costs decreased $883.8 million
(-62.6 percent) from $1,412.6 million to $528.8 million, due to
termination of the program by the Navy Acquisition Executive in October
E-2D AHE (Advanced Hawkeye) – Program costs increased by $1,765.5 million
(+11.2 percent) from $15,721.5 million to $17,487.0 million, due primarily
to higher Mission Electronics, general procurement, and mission systems
pricing (+$653.7 million), a stretchout of the annual buy profile in
fiscal year 2009-2020 (+$374.8 million), and additional pilot production
funding (+$169.0 million). There were also increases for the addition of
the automatic identification system, dual transit satellite communication,
and in-flight refueling requirements (+$137.1 million), a revised estimate
to reflect new pricing for the system development and demonstration
contract (+$234.3 million), and increases in initial spares, peculiar
support equipment and training, and other production support costs
F/A-18E/F– Program costs increased by $2,358.3 million (+5.4 percent) from
$44,030.5 million to $46,388.8 million, due primarily to the increase of
32 aircraft from 462 to 494 aircraft (+$1,716.0 million) and associated
schedule, engineering, and estimating allocations* (+$334.1 million).
There were also increases in support costs related to the higher quantity
LCS (Littoral Combat Ship) – Program costs increased $237.0 million (+13.9
percent) from $1,701.9 million to $1,938.9 million, due primarily to
longer than expected development time for Flight 0 and the postponement of
Flight 1 (+$162.2 million). There was also additional scope for Mission
Module development and Flight 0 training and testing (+$73.0 million) and
sea frame pricing increases (+$25.9 million).
LPD 17 – Program costs increased by $1,107.4 million (+8.9 percent) from
$12,486.6 million to $13,594.0 million, due primarily to the addition of
Hurricane Katrina Supplemental funding (+$1,155.4 million).
SSN 774 (Virginia Class) – Program costs decreased by $2,813.5 million
(-2.9 percent) from $95,821.7 million to $93,008.2 million, due primarily
to a lower estimate for labor, materials, rates, and profit (-$1,971.1
million). Cost estimates also decreased for the technology insertion of
the advanced sail program (-$541.8 million) and a reduced estimate of
plans, change orders, hull, and mechanical/electrical changes (-$549.2
V-22 - Program costs increased $4,139.7 million (+8.2 percent) from
$50,497.1 million to $54,636.8 million, due primarily to revised airframe
and engine costing methodologies (+$3,147.9 million), and a stretchout of
the annual buy profile (+$218.8 million). There was also additional
schedule variance for manufacturing inefficiencies, outyear labor rates,
and sustaining work impacts from delaying 22 MV-22 aircraft beyond fiscal
year 2013 (+$538.4 million) and the application of revised escalation
rates (+$283.6 million).
AMRAAM (Advanced Medium Range Air-to-Air Missile) – Program costs
increased $1,603.2 million (+12.2 percent) from $13,188.7 million to
$14,791.9 million, due primarily to lower-than-expected Foreign Military
Sales (FMS) projections (+$557.9 million) and an acquisition strategy
pricing change (+$859.2 million). There were also increases related to a
stretchout of the annual procurement buy profile (+$93.7 million),
additional special tooling and test equipment (+$54.8 million), and an
overrun in the AIM-120D (Phase 4) system development and demonstration
contract (+$32.7 million).
C-5 AMP (Avionics Modernization Program) – Program costs increased $551.2
million (+64.1 percent) from $859.3 million to $1,410.5 million, due
primarily to a quantity increase of 51 kits from 59 to 110 (+$291.4
million), and associated increases in initial spares, peculiar support
equipment, and other weapon system costs (+229.1 million).
C-17A – Program costs increased by $2,909.9 million (+4.9 percent) from
$59,552.7 million to $62,462.6 million, due primarily to an increase of 10
aircraft from 180 to 190 aircraft (+$2,093.9 million) and revised peculiar
support estimates (+$618.5 million). There were also Congressional adds in
support of the Global War on Terrorism (GWOT) (+$227.5 million), higher
estimates for continuing development (+$126.0 million), and an extension
of the development program out to fiscal year 2012-2013 (+$450.1 million).
These increases were partially offset by revised project estimates and Air
Mobility Command priorities (-$364.0 million) and a revised production
shutdown estimate (-$271.2 million).
C-130 AMP (Avionics Modernization Program) – Program costs increased
$1,047.8 million (+21.2 percent) from $4,933.2 million to $5,981.0
million, due primarily to increases in labor rates and install hours
(+$691.4 million) and increases in mission support equipment,
simulator/trainers, depot costs, and other weapon system costs (data,
peculiar support equipment, interim contractor support and training
(+810.5 million). These increases were partially offset by a quantity
decrease of 166 aircraft from 434 to 268 aircraft (-$560.6 million).
EELV (Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle) – Program costs increased
$3,825.9 million (+12.0 percent) from $31,903.0 million to $35,728.9
million, due primarily to increased costs for Buy 3 Launch Services
(+$3,943.5 million) and Launch Capabilities contracts (+$298.4 million).
There were also increases for the application of revised escalation rates
(+$214.5 million) and an adjustment to the annual mission procurement buy
profile (+$55.0 million). These net increases were partially offset by
budget reductions (-$365.4 million) and estimating adjustments (-$319.7
F-22A – Program costs increased $2,692.7 million (+4.3 percent) from
$62,600.0 million to $65,292.7 million, due primarily to a revised
estimate for the replan of Increments 3.1 and 3.2 (+$1,987.1 million), the
additional of funding for the first year of multiyear procurement
(+$1,416.5 million), an increase in peculiar support for two operating
locations (+$311.1 million), and the application of revised escalation
indices (+$197.1 million). These increases were partially offset by
reductions in development funding for the modernization program (-$110.0
million), revised estimates for the second and third years of multiyear
procurement (-$980.6 million), and an acceleration of the annual
procurement buy profile from a 4-year to a 3-year schedule (-$161.1
GBS (Global Broadcast Service) – Program costs increased $111.3 million
(+15.0 percent) from $744.0 million to $855.3 million, due primarily to a
new GBS Simplified Robust Architecture (SRA) that will address broadcast
shortfalls. The SRA upgrade is scheduled for implementation in fiscal year
2008-2010. Beginning in fiscal year 2008, the SRA upgrade will develop
custom software, procure commercial hardware/software, integrate into the
Defense Enterprise Computing Centers (DECCs), integrate joint internet
protocol modem (JIPM) hubs into two ultra-high frequency follow-oOn (UFO)
uplink sites, establish JIPM upgrade kits for receive suites, transition
to DoD teleports as required for wideband gapfiller satellite (WGS)
broadcasts, and perform developmental/operational tests leading to
follow-on operational test and evaluation events.
JASSM (Joint Air-to-Surface Standoff Missile) – Program costs increased by
$882.3 million (+18.0 percent) from $4,914.0 million to $5,796.3 million,
due primarily to engineering increases for JASSM extended range, weapon
data link, and maritime interdiction (+$133.9 million), implementation of
a robust reliability improvement program (+$599.8 million), and stretchout
of the annual buy profile (+$79.7 million).
MP-RTIP (Multi-Platform Radar Technology Insertion Program) – Program
costs decreased by $321.7 million (-20.6 percent) from $1,559.7 million to
$1,238.0 million, due primarily to the termination of MP-RTIP Wide Area
Surveillance (WAS) radar development efforts associated with the E-10A
technology development program (-$351.0 million).
NPOESS (National Polar-Orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite
System) – Program costs decreased by $2,649.6 million (-19.2 percent) from
$13,810.2 million to $11,160.6 million, due primarily to the decisions
made as a result of a Nunn-McCurdy certification process that concluded in
June 2006. The findings and recommendations coming out of the Nunn-McCurdy
certification resulted in significant changes to the satellite procurement
quantity, launch dates, sensor payloads, and funding. The Conical Scanning
Microwave Imager/Sounder (CMIS) and seven other sensors were demanifested
from the program (-$570.6 million), the development baseline program was
restructured (-$506.2 million), the quantity of procurement satellites was
reduced from 4 to 2 (-$594.5 million), the procurement baseline program
(-$772.2 million), and the procurement costs were reduced due to the
demanifestation of the sensors (-$292.1 million).
BMDS (Ballistic Missile Defense System) – Program costs increased by
$17,377.4 million (+20.2 percent) from $85,910.7 million to $103,288.1
million, due primarily to the addition of fiscal year 2012 and fiscal year
2013 funding (+$19,350.1 million), increases in Terminal High Altitude
Area Defense program content (+$1,036.0 million), restructure of the
Sea-Based Terminal program (+$860.4 million), additional sensors to
support a proposed European site (+$2,489.3 million), and revised
escalation indices (+$727.6 million). These increases were partially
offset by delaying the Space Tracking and Surveillance System beyond
fiscal year 2013 (-$1,472.3 million), restructuring the Kinetic Energy
Interceptor program (-$3,396.5 million), and program-wide reductions
F-35 (Joint Strike Fighter) – Program costs increased by $23,365.2 million
(+8.5 percent) from $276,458.9 million to $299,824.1 million, due
primarily to a decrease in the annual procurement quantities and a
stretchout of the production buy schedule from fiscal year 2027 to fiscal
year 2034 (+$11,207.8 million), revised estimate for airframe materials
due to commodity market increases (+$5,472.8 million), increase due to
revised assumptions based on contractor LRIP I proposals and methodology
(+$8,307.1 million), and support increase due to aircraft configuration
update, revised procurement profile, and methodology changes (+$6,423.2
million). These increases were partially offset by revised assumptions for
prime and subcontractor labor rates (-$3,576.3 million) and revised
assumptions for subcontractor costs (-$5,201.4 million).
JTRS (Joint Tactical Radio System) Waveform – Program costs increased
$317.5 million (+17.8 percent) from $1,786.6 million to $2,104.1 million,
due primarily to revised estimate for Network Engineering Services (NES)
(+$241.0 million) and fiscal year 2008 President’s Budget updates (+$65.7
* Note: Quantity changes are estimated based on the original SAR baseline
cost-quantity relationship. Cost changes since the original baseline are
separately categorized as schedule, engineering, or estimating
"allocations." The total impact of a quantity change is the identified
"quantity" change plus all associated "allocations."
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